Endodontics
The branch of dentistry concerned with the aetiology, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of conditions that affect the tooth pulp, root and periapical tissues.
Image 3.1. Pulpal Exposure
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Image 3.2. Radiograph of near pulpal exposure
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Image 3.3. Pulpitis
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Image 3.4. Crown restoration, 4th premolar
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Crown restoration after conventional endodontics, maxillary 4th premolar
 

Image 3.5. Internal Resorption
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Procedure and vital pulpotomy technique.
 
Image 3.6. Fractured tooth
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Fractured canine with periapical lucency
 

Image 3.7. Near pulpal exposure
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Near pulpal exposure fracture maxillary 4th premolar
 
Image 3.8. Conventional endodontics mandibular canine
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Image 3.9. Root canal therapy
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Maxillary canine
 
Image 3.10. Fractured decid canine
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Fractured primary canine with abscessation apical to first premolar
 

Image 3.11. Acrylic restoration
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Acrylic restoration and crown preparation prior to impression material placement
 
Image 3.12. File inserted in access opening
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File inserted in access opening to pulp away from fracture site.
 

Image 3.13. Crown Fracture
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Crown fracture through enamel, dentin, exposing pulp. Red pulp indicates acute fracture.
 
Image 3.14. Radiograph of Root Canal Therapy
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Radiograph of completed root canal therapy of older dog.
 

Image 3.15. Fractured maxillary canine
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Fractured maxillary canine with pulpal chronic exposure
 
Image 3.16. Radiograph of Fractured Maxillary
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Radiograph of fractured maxillary canine tooth with periapical lucency. Root canal therapy indicated.
 

Image 3.17. Fractured Right Mandibular Canine
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Fractured right mandibular canine with pulpal exposure
 
Image 3.18. Radiograph of Enlarged Canal
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Radiograph showing markedly enlarged canal showing pulpal death probably when the dog was 9 months old. Root canal therapy or extraction indicated.
 

Image 3.19. Acute Fracture
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Acute fracture in a 2 year old akita after wrestling with an alligator
 
Image 3.20. Radiograph of Fracture
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Radiograph of fracture showing no additional fractures in the root.
 

Image 3.21. Crown restoration after root canal therapy, prior to impression
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Crown restoration after root canal therapy with acrylic bonding material
 
Image 3.22. Radiograph of Root Canal Therapy
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Radiograph of root canal therapy
 

Image 3.23. File placement during root canal therapy
File Placement
 
Image 3.24. Metallic crown restoration after root canal therapy
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Metallic crown restoration cemented 10 days after root canal therapy
 

Image 3.25. Slab Fracture (note arrows)
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Slab fracture with near pulpal exposure. Left maillary fourth premolar
 
Image 3.26. Fractured maxillary (radiograph)
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Fractured maxillary fourth premolar with pulpal exposure and periapical
 

Image 3.27. Root canal therapy access sites
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Image 3.28. File placement (another view)
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Endodontic file placement for maxillary fourth premolar
 

Image 3.29. Placement of Gutta-percha (another view)
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Placement of gutta-percha in prepared canal
 
Image 3.30. Insertion of inverted cone bur
Inverted Cone Bur
Insertion of inverted cone bur into access prior to restoration
 

Image 3.31. Application of acrylic restoration
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Image 3.32. Application of acrylic restoration (another view)
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Image 3.33. Application of light cone
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Application of light cone to set acrylic restorative
 
Image 3.34. Finished Restoration
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Image 3.35. Dental attrition
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Dental attrition due to tennis ball chewing
 
Image 3.36. Pulpitis
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Pulpitis resulting in discolored tooth
 

Image 3.37. Vertical Fracture
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Vertical Fracture through the crown and root
 
Image 3.38. Fractured upper incisor
Fractured upper incisor
Maxillary left 2nd incisor fractured, exposing pulp
Central incisor enamel fractured with near exposure of pulp
 

Image 3.39. Repaired fractured incisors
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Image 3.40. Calcium hydroxide
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Calcium hydroxide placed on top of live pulp to stimulate dentinal seal.
 

Image 3.41. Zirconium crown
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Zirconium crown matching tooth color
 
Image 3.42. Completed root canal (radiograph)
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X-Ray of completed root canal therapy to repair two fractured lower canine teeth
 

Image 3.43. Rubber-based impression
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Rubber-based impression material used to send to laboratory for crown fabrication
 
Image 3.44. Removing infected pulp
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Three root canal files used to remove infected pulp
 

Image 3.45. Inflammed Gingiva
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Inflamed gingiva over area of missing teeth
 
Image 3.46. Radiograph of Missing Tooth Area
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Radiograph of missing tooth area showing root fragments of fractured premolar
 

Image 3.47. Fractured mandibular incisors
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Image 3.48. Right maxillary swelling
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Image 3.49. Fracture of right maxillary 4th premolar
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Image 3.50. Fractured maxillary 4th premolar
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Image 3.51. Radiograph showing periapical lucency
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Image 3.52. Crown restoration
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Image 3.53. Near exposure of pulp mandibular canine
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Image 3.54. Radiograph showing near exposure
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Image 3.55. Crown restoration
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Image 3.56. Maxillary first molar
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Carious lesion, maxillary first molar
 

Image 3.57. Root canal therapy
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Image 3.58. Composite filling
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Image 3.59. Crown restoration
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Image 3.60. Crown restoration
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Image 3.61. Worn teeth
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Image 3.62. Lesion
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Lesion at mucogingival line
 

Image 3.63. Slab fracture
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Slab fracture with pulpal exposure
 
Image 3.64. Endodontic abscess
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Radiograph showing periapical bone loss consistent with endodontic abscess
 

Image 3.65. Flap exposure
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Note bone loss
 
Image 3.66. Flap sutured
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Image 3.67. Radiograph outling abscess
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Image 3.68. After extract
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Radiograph after extraction with implant material
 

Image 3.69. Endodontic files
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Endodontic files placed into double rooted premolars
 
Image 3.70. Endodontic files
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Radiograph confirming file placement
 

Image 3.71. Draining fistula under right eye
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Image 3.72. Fractured right maxillary 4th pm
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Image 3.73. Fractured canine tooth
Fractured canine tooth
 
Image 3.74. Root canal filled with gutta percha
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Image 3.75. Metallic crown restoration
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Table of Contents
Dental Encyclopedia
Jan Bellows, DVM, AVDC, ABVP

Also, check out
The Smile Book III
A text on Canine Periodontal Disease Diagnosis and Therapy
1. Introduction
2. Dental Anatomy
3. Endodontics
4. Orthodontics
5. Periodontics
6. Crown Preparation
7. Feline Dentistry
8. Dental Pediatrics
9. Exotic Dentistry
10. Jaw Fractures
11. Radiology
12. Instruments
13. Materials
14. Equipment
15. Professional Teeth Cleaning
16. Developmental Abnormalities
17. Oral Surgery
18. The Dental Chart
19. Dental Terminology
20. Case Study (endo-perio)
21. Case Study (Avulsed tooth)
22. Case Study (Fractured Premolar)
23. Case Study (Interesting Kitty Case)
24. Case Study (Reason to Radiograph)
25. Case Study (Crown reduction)
26. Case Study (Ouch)
27. Case Study (Cystic Mass)
28. Case Study (Oral Nasal Fistula)
29. Case Study (TM Ankylosis)

 



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Jan Bellows, DVM
All Pets Dental Clinic
17100 Royal Palm Blvd.
Weston, FL 33326
(954) 349-5800
dentalvet@aol.com