Orthodontics
The branch of dentistry concerned with irregularities of teeth and malocclusion.
Image 4.1. Class 1 incisor crowding
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Mandibular 2nd incisors predisposed to periodontal disease due to crowding
 
Image 4.2. Canine malocclusion
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Malocclusion mandibular right canine occluding between lateral and intermediate maxillary incisors. Treatment options: 1) Orthodontic movement, 2) Crown reduction vital pulpotomy and restoration, 3) Extraction
 

Image 4.3. Crown Reduction
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Crown reduction using a diamond disk and water irrigant
 
Image 4.4. After Crown Reduction
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After crown reduction and hemostasis control pulp chamber is entered with inverted cone bur on a high speed drill
 

Image 4.5. Application of Calcium Hydroxide
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Application of calcium hydroxide with a retrograde amalgam filler to stimulate pulp to make a dental bridge to seal canal
 
Image 4.6. Appearance of CaOH
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Appearance of CaOH in the pulp chamber prior to restoration
 

Image 4.7. Use of inverted cone bur
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Inverted cone bur is used to undercut dentin after placement of calcium hydroxide prior to restoration
 
Image 4.8. Adhesive Application
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Application of adhesive after dentinal primer application and irrigation
 

Image 4.9. Composite Application
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Image 4.10. Light cure adhesive
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Light cure of adhesive prior to filled resin application
 

Image 4.11. Light Cure to Restoration
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Light cure application to restoration
 
Image 4.12. White Stone Finish
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White stone used to finish restoration
 

Image 4.13. Finished Crown Reduction
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Finished crown reduction and composite restoration
 
Image 4.14. Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
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Laterally deviated mandibular canine secondary to rostrally deviated maxillary canine
 

Image 4.15. Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
Rostrally deviated maxillary canine
 
Image 4.16. Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
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Orthodontic buttons and elastics used to move maxillary canine distally
 

Image 4.17. Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
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Maxillary canine moved distally
 
Image 4.18. Care for rostrally deviated canine tooth
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Mandibular canine in normal position
 

Image 4.19. Orthodontic abnormality
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Open bite
 
Image 4.20. Orthodontic abnormality
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Prognathic left
 

Image 4.21. Orthodontic abnormality
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Prognathic right
 
Image 4.22. Overbite
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Image 4.23. Overbite
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Image 4.24. Overbite
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Image 4.25. Overbite
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Shows extractions of impinging mandibular teeth
 
Image 4.26. Anterior crossbite
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Anterior crossbite left central and intermediate incisor
 

Image 4.27. Right cheek teeth
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Cusp to cusp abnormal occlusion
 
Image 4.28. Left cheek teeth
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With abnormal cusp to cusp occlusion
 

Table of Contents
Dental Encyclopedia
Jan Bellows, DVM, AVDC, ABVP

Also, check out
The Smile Book III
A text on Canine Periodontal Disease Diagnosis and Therapy
1. Introduction
2. Dental Anatomy
3. Endodontics
4. Orthodontics
5. Periodontics
6. Crown Preparation
7. Feline Dentistry
8. Dental Pediatrics
9. Exotic Dentistry
10. Jaw Fractures
11. Radiology
12. Instruments
13. Materials
14. Equipment
15. Professional Teeth Cleaning
16. Developmental Abnormalities
17. Oral Surgery
18. The Dental Chart
19. Dental Terminology
20. Case Study (endo-perio)
21. Case Study (Avulsed tooth)
22. Case Study (Fractured Premolar)
23. Case Study (Interesting Kitty Case)
24. Case Study (Reason to Radiograph)
25. Case Study (Crown reduction)
26. Case Study (Ouch)
27. Case Study (Cystic Mass)
28. Case Study (Oral Nasal Fistula)
29. Case Study (TM Ankylosis)

 



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Jan Bellows, DVM
All Pets Dental Clinic
17100 Royal Palm Blvd.
Weston, FL 33326
(954) 349-5800
dentalvet@aol.com