Periodontics
The branch of dentistry dealing with the study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium - tissues investing and supporting the teeth, including the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and gingiva.
Image 5.1. Grade 1 Gingivitis, gumline inflamed
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Image 5.2. Grade 1 Gingivitis Inflammation
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Inflammation at gingival margin
 

Image 5.3. Feline grade 1 gingivitis
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Inflammation, maxillary third and fourth feline premolars.
 
Image 5.4. Stage 2 gingivitis
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Erythema and edema
 

Image 5.5. Grade 2 Gingivitis
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Inflammation and edema at gingival margin
 
Image 5.6. Grade 2 Gingivitis After
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After cleaning and home care. Edema and inflammation resolved
 

Image 5.7. Grade 2 gingivitis
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Gumline inflamed and swollen
 
Image 5.8. Grade 2 periodontal disease
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Image 5.9. Grade 2
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Inflammation, edema, gingival bleeding upon probing
 
Image 5.10. Periodontal disease grade 2
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Note: Edema
 

Image 5.11. Grade two gingivitis canine
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Inflammation and edema, no bone loss
 
Image 5.12. Grade 3
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Inflammation, edema, gingival bleeding upon probing, pustular discharge - slight to moderate bone loss
 

Image 5.13. Grade 3 periodontal disease
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Bone loss around third premolar tooth root
 
Image 5.14. Grade 4 periodontal disease with ulceration
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Image 5.15. Grade 4 severe periodontal disease
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Image 5.16. Feline grade 4 periodontal disease
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Image 5.17. Grade 4 periodontal disease with gingival recession
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Image 5.18. Grade 4 periodontal disease
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Image 5.19. Gingival hyperplasia secondary to periodontal disease
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Image 5.20. Gingivectomy to treat gingival hyperplasia
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Image 5.21. Gingivectomy
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Gingivectomy to remove excessive gum tissue
 
Image 5.22. Lower first molar
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Bone loss exposing root of lower first molar
 

Image 5.23. Molars
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Mandibular 3rd permolar and first molar affected with periodontal disease
 
Image 5.24. Halitosis
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Bad breath accompanying periodontal disease
 

Image 5.25. Frenectomy, before surgery
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Lower lip held close to the mandiubular canine decreasing self cleaning
 
Image 5.26. After surgery
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Frenulum resected
 

Image 5.27. Feline gingival recession
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Image 5.28. F2 through and through furcation in a feline
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Image 5.29. Periodontal probe
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Peridontal probe marked in millimeter gradations
 
Image 5.30. 5 millimeter periodontal pocket
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Image 5.31. Doxycycline
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Doxycycline Upjohn® placed into a cleaned subgingival pocket
 
Image 5.32. Using Consil
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Consil used to help treat periodontal disease, root is no longer exposed
 

Image 5.33. Fenestration
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Image 5.34. X-ray of periodontal disease
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Image 5.35. Maxillary incisors (radiograph)
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Normal alveolar bone support around maxillary incisors
 
Image 5.36. Normal alveolar bone support (radiograph)
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Normal alveolar bone support around canine and premolars
 

Image 5.37. Minimal bone loss (radiograph)
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Minimal bone loss between adjacent teeth due to grade 3 periodontal disease
 
Image 5.38. Minimal bone loss (radiograph)
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Minimal bone loss around mandibular incisors secondary to early grade 3 periodontal disease
 

Image 5.39. Radiograph
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Showing bone loss around distal root M1
 
Image 5.40. Radiograph
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Showing bone loss canine and lateral incisor
 

Image 5.41. Furcation exposure
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Feline through and through furcation exposure
 
Image 5.42. CUPS
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Chronic Ulcerative Paradental Stomatitis (CUPS) lesion
 

Image 5.43. Gingival recession
Gingival recession
Gingival recession on maddibular first molar
 
Image 5.44. Radiograph showing bone loss
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Image 5.45. Periodontal disease stage 4
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Image 5.46. Dog, Periodontal Disease
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Stage 2
 

Image 5.47. Dog, Periodontal Disease
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Stage 3
 
Image 5.48. Dog, Periodontal Disease
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Stage 4
 

Image 5.49. Dog, Periodontal Disease
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Image 5.50. Dog, Periodontal Disease
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Image 5.51. Cat, Periodontal Disease
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Image 5.52. Cat, Periodontal Disease
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Image 5.53. Enamel hypoplasia
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Image 5.54. Enamel hypoplasia
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After repair with flowable composite
 

Image 5.55. Oral Nasal Surgery
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Six months post operative
 

Table of Contents
Dental Encyclopedia
Jan Bellows, DVM, AVDC, ABVP

Also, check out
The Smile Book III
A text on Canine Periodontal Disease – Diagnosis and Therapy
1. Introduction
2. Dental Anatomy
3. Endodontics
4. Orthodontics
5. Periodontics
6. Crown Preparation
7. Feline Dentistry
8. Dental Pediatrics
9. Exotic Dentistry
10. Jaw Fractures
11. Radiology
12. Instruments
13. Materials
14. Equipment
15. Professional Teeth Cleaning
16. Developmental Abnormalities
17. Oral Surgery
18. The Dental Chart
19. Dental Terminology
20. Case Study (endo-perio)
21. Case Study (Avulsed tooth)
22. Case Study (Fractured Premolar)
23. Case Study (Interesting Kitty Case)
24. Case Study (Reason to Radiograph)
25. Case Study (Crown reduction)
26. Case Study (Ouch)
27. Case Study (Cystic Mass)
28. Case Study (Oral Nasal Fistula)
29. Case Study (TM Ankylosis)

 



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Jan Bellows, DVM
All Pets Dental Clinic
17100 Royal Palm Blvd.
Weston, FL 33326
(954) 349-5800
dentalvet@aol.com